High-resolution ultrasound is on it’s way to becoming the new screening and diagnostic method for imaging silicone gel breast implants. A recent study shows that portable, high-resolution, surgeon-operated ultrasounds may have certain advantages over the traditional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) when screening for implant failures.
Beginning results are showing the high-resolution ultrasound provides amazing visualizations of current silicone implants in scanning models. Supported in part by a grant from the Aesthetic Surgery Education and Research Foundation (ASERF), the study assessed several available base and transducer systems, using them for both in vitro and ex vivo scanning model evaluations of a variety of normal and damaged implant models. These technologies were also used clinically to provide imaging experience in three patients previously diagnosed with unilateral implant failure.
A preliminary evaluation was then performed to compare the accuracy of MRI, surgeon-performed high-resolution ultrasound, and radiologist-performed high-resolution ultrasound scans in predicting the shell integrity of 29 implants in 15 consecutive breast implant patients who later underwent secondary implant surgery.
A study is currently working to pinpoint sensitivity and specificity of high-resolution ultrasound in the assessing the latest implant designs.