In the United States each year, approximately 5 in every 100,000 women becomes ill with stomach cancer. Stomach cancer is the second most common, and the fourth most fatal type of cancer. Researchers in Europe may have made progress in finding a way to decrease that rate. A recent study found that women who consumed a diet rich in plant-based flavonoid compounds may be up to 50% less likely to contract stomach cancer than women who ate a diet lower in flavonoids. Flavonoids are found in high amounts in green tea and pinto beans. Researcher Zamora-Ros at the Catalan Institute of Oncology in Spain further suggested that reducing red and processed meat intake may further these beneficial effects.
The study, published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, followed nearly 500,000 men and women across 10 European countries for nearly 11 years tracking the diets of participants aged between 35 and 70 via food diaries. It found that women who consumed over 580 milligrams of flavonoids daily had a 51% lesser risk of contracting stomach cancer than women who ate 200 milligrams or less. Significantly, the risk went down for women, but not for men potentially due to differences in hormones, drinking or smoking habits. This study was another supporting piece that eating a healthy diet can reduce the risk of contracting a chronic disease.